FRUIT AND FRUIT TREE NAMES IN SPANISH

In Spanish, sometimes a fruit and its corresponding tree share the same name, but many times, the tree has a different name. In these cases, it’s necessary to use the name of the tree, not the fruit.

There are three patterns that appear quite often:

1. THE FRUIT AND THE TREE SHARE THE SAME NAME:

Fruit in English Fruit in Spanish Tree in Spanish
avocado aguacate aguacate
cashew nut anacardo anacardo
pineapple ananás ananás
blueberry arándano arándano
cacao cacao cacao
kaki caqui caqui
strawberry fresa fresa
kiwi kiwi kiwi
melon melón melón
loquat níspero níspero
pineapple piña piña
watermelon sandía sandía

2. THE FRUIT NAME ENDS IN -a AND THE TREE NAME ENDS IN -o:

Fruit in English Fruit in Spanish Tree in Spanish
olive aceituna aceituno (olivo)
acerola acerola acerolo
almond almendra almendro
hazelnut avellana avellano
banana banana banano
bergamot bergamota bergamoto
chestnut castaña castaño
cherry cereza cerezo
custard apple chirimoya chirimoyo
citron cidra cidro
plum ciruela ciruelo
sloe endrina endrino
raspberry frambuesa frambueso
pomegranate granada granado
guava guayaba guayabo
cherry guinda guindo
mango mango mango
apple manzana manzano
orange naranja naranjo
olive oliva olivo
papaya papaya papayo
grapefruit pomelo pomelo
grapefruit toronja toronjo

3. THE TREE NAME ENDS IN -ero:

In this case, the tree can usually also be called by the name of the fruit, as in Pattern 1.

*Notice that the fig tree is called higuera, ending in -era.

Fruit in English Fruit in Spanish Tree in Spanish
apricot albaricoque albaricoquero / albaricoque
coconut coco cocotero /coco
peach durazno duraznero / durazno
fig higo higuera*
lime lima limero / lima
lemon limón limonero / limón
mandarine mandarina mandarinero / mandarino
peach melocotón melocotonero / melocotón
quince membrillo membrillero / membrillo
pistachio pistacho pistachero / alfóncigo
banana plátano platanero / plátano

OTHER PATTERNS

There are other patterns, and, as in the example above, it is possible to use more than one pattern in some cases.

Fruit in English Fruit in Spanish Tree in Spanish
coffee café cafeto (café)
acorn bellota roble, encina…
date dátil palmera datilera
blackberry mora zarza (zarzamora)
walnut nuez nogal
pear pera peral
pine cone, pine nut piña, piñón pino
grape uva vid (parra)

GENDER

All fruit and fruit tree names ending in -a are feminine nouns.

All fruit and fruit tree names ending in other letters are masculine nouns except for nuez (walnut) and vid (grapevine), which are feminine.

OTHER NAMES

Some fruits and trees may have other names not included on this list. I have included the most familiar ones to me.

Please leave a comment and share any other examples you know.

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